Part T, Vintage Jewellery A-Z
Talisman, A piece which is supposed to bring luck or fight the evil eye. Can also be called an amulet or a charm. Used since ancient times when the Amulet originally had zodiac signs carved into it. These days the three words are interchangeable.
Tanzanite. A blue violet gemstone which is quite rare and also was not discovered until the 1960s. This means that all pieces of jewellery set with it post date this time. It is usually seen faceted and highly polished.
Tarnish . Metals tarnish when they are exposed to the air and to dust. It is the surface effect where for example silver goes dark even black depending on the level of tarnish. It is normally not permanent and can be removed with appropriate polish.
Tiara. A type of jewellery crown worn in the hair. Popular in the Victorian era through to the 1950s. Nowadays we only usually see them being by brides.
Tie Pin / Clip / Tack. Ornaments worn in the tie. Tie pins tend to have been worn in the Victorian and Edwardian eras with clips being more modern.
Tiffany. Famous American Jeweller founded in the Victorian era. The company are still in business today making high end jewellery. Beware of imitation
Tigers Eye. A golden brown hardstone which is said to display Chatoyance which is the surface effect that makes the colours appear to move.
Topaz. A hard clear gemstone which is popular in jewellery. These come in several different colours the most popular are blue and also clear. Good in rings
Torc . A metal hoop worn as an arm ring or necklace. They are traditionally part of ancient Celtic jewellery although most we see today are modern reproductions.
Tortoise Shell. A shaded brown material made from turtle shell. Clearly this is not acceptable these days and most we see is plastic formed to imitate it
Touchstone. A black stone traditionally used in the testing of gold and silver
Tourmaline A pretty gemstone which comes in a variety of colours including a striped variety known as watermelon. Other popular varieties are Rubellite and Schrol which was used in Victorian mourning jewellery.
Trace Chain. A light weight chain with delicate oval links. The links are made so that the chain lies flat against the body.
Treatment . The processes which happen between a gemstone being dug out of the ground and it becoming fit for jewellery. For example Emeralds are treated by having oil forced into fissures to make them look less.
Triplet A man made composite gemstone consisting of three layers. For example an opal triplet can have a slice of opal with a clear glass top and a black glass behind. This will enhance and protect the opal slice.
Turquoise. A beautiful gemstone which comes in shades of bluey green . It is opaque which means that the light doesn’t show through it unlike many other gemstones. It is usually seen as cabochons but can also be carved decoratively.
Tussie Mussie. A specialised brooch which pins to your clothing and which is made to hold flowers against you.