Sapphire to Synthetic

Anne

Part S of the Vintage Jewellery A-Z

Sapphire

A beautiful gemstone most commonly seen in the blue variety. Along with Ruby it is second only in hardness to Diamond which makes it a very hardwearing stone suitable for jewellery including rings.

Sardonyx

A variety of onyx hardstone which has red/ brown bands with white bands in between. Occasionally seen cut as a cameo



Sautoir

Long chain worn over both shoulders with the decorative part going down the back. Usually not joined up like a necklace.








Scarab

Poplar in Egyptian jewellery . The scarab is a beetle. Sometimes you see real beetle shells mounted in jewellery . The scarab is also found made of ceramic and glass. Antique and Vintage ones are most collectable.

Scotts Jewellery

There is a strong tradition of Scotts jewellery going back many hundreds of years. The antique pieces we see today are made usually of silver with a few gold pieces. They are all in celtic style . Many are mounted with hardstones. This sort of jewellery was popular with Queen Victoria which made it very fashionable in the 1800s

Seal

Seals are often  found engraved into the ends of watch fobs and rings. A seal is used to make an impression in wax so they are often in the shape of a monogram or family crest.

Seed Pearl

Tiny little pearls which are usually used in groups set into jewellery. They group together to give a good show. Particularly popular in Edwardian jewels.

Semi-Precious

An old fashioned term referring to gemstones which were not one of the precious ones . Diamond, sapphires, rubies, Emeralds and Pearls were considered precious. Semi-precious would include Topaz, Citrine, Garnets and Amethysts.

Serpent / Snake

Serpents and snakes are popular motifs in jewellery and have been for thousands of years. The Victorians were particularly keen on snake designed pieces after Prince Albert gave Queen Victoria an engagement ring in the shape of one.

Serpentine

A hardstone rock which is striped and mottled in shades of brown and cream. It is found in Cornwall amongst other places. Sepentine can be carved and polished into jewellery .

Setting.

The parts of a piece of jewellery into which the stones are mounted.

Shank

The part of the ring which goes around the back of the finger. It is often impressed with hallmarks on the inside.

Sheen

The surface effect on a gemstone where is shimmers and shines against the light.

Shell

Used for carving cameos from . Also Pau shell which has a blue green peacock colour way which is polished and used in flat slabs mounted into jewellery.

Shoulder

The part at the sides of a ring between the head and the shank going from the stones down the side of the finger.

Signet Ring

Rings with a flat top which were often carved with a monogram or crest. This could be used as a seal . Often worn on the little finger.

Silver

A white metal often used in jewellery . Sterling silver has a purity of .925 parts per thousand and is the one most often seen in jewellery these days.

Sleeper

A small ear stud earring with a butterfly type back

Smoky Quartz

A variety of quartz gemstone with a smoky brown colour. Also known as a cairngorm due to the fact they were found in the Cairngorm mountain.

Solje

Scandinavian peasant jewellery said to catch the sun. It is worn on special occasions such as weddings and feast days. You can fins necklaces, brooches and earrings. They are usually made of silver with gilt detail

Spinel

A hard gemstone which is almost as durable as sapphires and rubies. It is found in many colours and we see them in red and clear. These were used as a cheaper option than rubies and diamonds in jewels from the past but are not often found in new pieces today.

Stud

An alternative to a button. These are removable. You can find them in two types: those with a fixed back and those with a removable back

Synthetic Gemstone

Man made gemstones made to imitate the real thing.

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