Earring to Eye
Ear-ring – the Global name used for ear jewellery. There are many different types including clip-on, pendant and stud. One of the most popularly worn pieces of jewellery today. Also spelt earring.
Egg shape – pendants or charms in the shape of an egg. Very popular due to its tactile shape. Made famous by Faberge egg pendants
Egyptian style – Style of jewellery popularised in ancient Egypt. Includes figures of animals such as scarabs, cats or hawks. Also special figures such as the Ankh and the eye. Gemstone include turquoise, lapis lazuli. and faience. Gold and silver were both popular as they could be worked by the technology available at the time.
Egyptian Revival – Jewellery made to copy ancient Egyptian style. There was an Egyptian revival in the 1860s and again in the 1920s.
Electroforming – A way of creating jewellery by depositing metal in a mould. First used in the early Victorian era
Elephant Ivory – Jewellery made from the tusks of Elephants. Not a practice to be encouraged and mostly illegal to make new pieces these days Clearly there was lots of this type of jewellery made in the during the Victorian era which is not illegal. AntiquesAvenue chooses not to sell even Antique Elephant Ivory jewellery as it is extremely difficult to prove the date of some pieces and we prefer to err on the side of the elephants
Embossing – using a hammer to create a design on a piece of metal jewellery. The design is hammered from the reverse
Emerald – Beautiful green gemstone. A variety of the Beryl family. These were known as long ago as in ancient Egypt ( I believe Cleopatra had her own mine, lucky lady) and they are still very popular today. Apparently, the green colour comes from having chromium and vanadium in the stone but that sounds a bit too technical. Emeralds are often treated to make them look their best and so we need to take great care of them to ensure we do not reverse this treatment for example never put an emerald into an ultrasonic machine. You can find cut gemstones ( see emerald cut), and also cameos and intaglios cut from emeralds. It is the birthstone for May.
Emerald cut – A square or oblong cut to a gemstone with stepped sides, this is supposed to maximise the amount of cut emerald gemstone you get from a rough piece.
En Cabochon – posh word for describing a cabochon
Enamel – A very colourful way of decorating metal jewellery most often seen on silver. The colour pigments are mixed with glass that has been powdered. This is then painted onto the metal and the result is fired at a very high temperature. Enamel on silver is popular and you can also see it on gold and base metals. There are several different types of enamel many of which have French names such as bass taille, cloisonné and champlevé. In British antique jewellery, we most often see engine turned enamel.
Engagement ring – A romantic ring was given at the time of betrothal by a man to his fiancé. During the 20th century, these have tended to be set with a gemstone most often a diamond but this was not always the case. There are types of engagement ring such as the trilogy with three stones and the solitaire with one. To add a touch of romance an engagement ring can be engraved inside the shank with the initials of the loving couple and the date of the engagement. Vintage engagement rings also add a touch of past romance and are high fashion at the moment.
Engraving – Engraving is the process of creating a pattern by cutting away part of the material. We most often see engraved initials on the backs of lockets or in signet rings. Engraving can be carried out on metals and gemstones. It is not limited to initials, all sorts of designs and patterns can be added to your favourite jewellery.
Engine turning – A type of engraving which is most often seen under enamelling. It creates a regular set of lines to form a pattern. It also has a French name of Guilloche after the gentleman who invented the process.
Epaulet – fancy shoulder decorations usually part of a military uniform
Essence d’orient – Imitation pearls used to be covered with this stuff to give them a pearlescent finish. It was made from fish scales and may still be used today.
Essex crystal – a type of intaglio. Carved into the reverse of a crystal and then coloured in to give a picture. These are highly sought after collectables
Eternity ring – Given by a man to his wife sometime after the wedding, often following the birth of a first child. The eternity ring is worn on the same finger as the engagement and wedding rings. There are two types the Full and half eternity ring. The full eternity ring has gemstones ( often diamonds) set all the way round. The half eternity has gemstones only in the portion where it shows whilst on the hand. Half eternity rings may not have as many gems but they are much more comfortable to wear.
Etruscan Jewellery – Jewellery made in Tuscany before the time of the Romans. It is worth mentioning here as the style has ben copied many times down the ages and was popular in the Victorian era. Etruscan style jewellery has lots of fine gold grains attached to make patterns. I will try and get some pictures to illustrate.
Etui – A dress accessory. A small case which was fitted out to take things such as thimbles, scissors, perfume bottle, pencil. These can be plain leather covered or highly decorative studded with gems. I like enamelled ones best.
Eye Agate – Agate which has banging patterns which look like a pupil within an eye.
Eye – Eye jewellery has been popular since the ancient Egyptians. When we think of Eye jewellery in antique jewellery terms we are usually talking about Georgian jewellery when there was a fashion to have a ring or a brooch containing a miniature portrait of an eye. These are very collectable today. Eye jewellery has been said to ward off the evil eye.